Know Your History!
Up to the early 20th century, most American knowledge of Black history was limited to the African American struggle through slavery and emancipation. The significance of Black history is recognition of the advancements and accomplishments of a group of people once defined by the Constitution as three-fifths of a person. While slavery in America hosts the background of Black history, the African American impact on history reaches beyond the country’s early history, as African Americans have made significant contributions.
African-American Facts for Week of: July 12, 2015
July 12, 1887
Mound Bayou, an all…. African-American town in Mississippi is founded by Isaiah Montgomery
July 12, 1967
Twenty-three killed in Newark rebellion. The racial uprising spread to ten of the city’s twenty-three square miles. More than 1,500 persons were injured and 1,300 were arrested. Police reported 300 fires. The Newark rebellion, the worst outbreak of racial violence since Watts, spread to other New Jersey communities, including New Brunswick, Englewood, Paterson, Elizabeth, Palmyra, Passaic, and Plainfield. The National Guard was mobilized.
July 13, 1972
Shirley Chisholm became the first African American Presidential nominee, with 151 votes from the delegates polled.
July 13, 1965
The first Black solicitor general of the US was appointed, Thurgood
The first Black solicitor general of the US was appointed, Thurgood Marshall, 1965.
July 14, 1914
On July 14, 1914 – Marcus Garvey arrived in Jamaica after a long tour which had taken him through Central America and Europe. Five days later on July 19 he launched the largest independent organization the world has ever seen – the Universal Negro Improvement Association, UNIA, intended to be the mouthpiece of black women, men and children all over the world.
July 14, 1951
George Washington Carver National Monument
George Washington Carver National Monument presented in Joplin MO, 1951.
July 15, 1822
Philadelphia opens its Public Schools
Philadelphia opens its Public schools for Blacks.
July 15, 1970
James McGee is sworn in as the first African American mayor of Dayton, Ohio.
McGee was born in West Virginia and attended Wilberforce University. After serving in the United States Army, he received a law degree from Ohio State University. McGee, a member of the NAACP, was involved as a lawyer in several civil rights cases in the 1960s. He served as a city commissioner and mayor of Dayton, Ohio. He was the first African-American mayor of Dayton and its longest-tenured mayor to date.
July 16, 1934
Donald Payne, first African American congressman from New Jersey (1988), born
July 16, 1862
Ida B. Wells Barnett
Ida Wells was born a slave on July 16, 1862, in Holly Springs, Mississippi, to James and Elizabeth (Warrenton) Wells. The oldest in a family of four boys and four girls, she acquired from her parents a love of liberty and self-sufficiency that characterized her life. Ida B. Wells-Barnett is one of eleven prominent Tennesseans depicted in the official Tennessee bicentennial portrait and one of the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
July 17, 1794
Richard Allen organized Philadelphia’s Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church.
July 17, 1942
Muhammad Ali (Cassius Marcellus Clay, Jr) was born on this day.
July 18, 2002
Nelson Mandela was born in Transkei (South Africa) on the 18/07/1918 One of the most influential politicians of our time. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was South Africa’s first black chief executive, and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election.
Being familiar with past events gives us the ability not only to learn from past mistakes but also from the successes.
To me, the omission of any group from history teachings results in a limited understanding of history’s relationship with the present and future. Know your history.
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