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African-American Facts for Week of: January 24, 2016

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Know Your History!

Up to the early 20th century, most American knowledge of Black history was limited to the African American struggle through slavery and emancipation. The significance of Black history is recognition of the advancements and accomplishments of a group of people once defined by the Constitution as three-fifths of a person. While slavery in America hosts the background of Black history, the African American impact on history reaches beyond the country’s early history, as African Americans have made significant contributions to every field of endeavor, including politics, science, culture, social causes, arts, literature, athletics and the economy.

African-American Facts for Week of: January 24, 2016 

 

January 24, 1993

 

Thurgood Marshall, dies

First Black Supreme Court Justice, Thurgood Marshall, dies, 1993. Thurgood Marshall (July 2, 1908 – January 24, 1993) was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, serving from October 1967 until October 1991. Marshall was the Court’s 96th justice and its first African-American justice.

Before becoming a judge, Marshall was a lawyer who was best known for his high success rate in arguing before the Supreme Court and for the victory in Brown v. Board of Education, a decision that desegregated public schools.

January 24, 1962

 

Jackie Robinson was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.

Jackie Robinson was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.

 

January 25, 1851

Sojourner Truth

Sojourner Truth addressed the first Black Women’s Rights Convention, Akron Ohio. Sojourner Truth was an African-American abolitionist and women’s rights activist.

January 25, 1966

Constance Baker Motley

Constance Baker Motley became the first African-American woman to be appointed to a Federal Judgeship.

January 26, 1948

 

Executive Order 9981

Executive Order 9981, to end segregation in US Armed Forces is signed by President Harry Truman.

January 27, 1952

 

Ralph Ellison’s powerful novel, Invisible Man

Ralph Ellison’s powerful novel, Invisible Man, wins the National Book Award. Ralph Ellison was a American novelist, literary critic, scholar and writer.

 

 

 

January 28, 1970

Arthur Ashe, first Black male to win Wimbledon

Arthur Ashe, first Black male to win Wimbledon, is denied entry to compete on the US Team for the South African Open tennis championships due to Ashe’s sentiments on South Africa’s racial policies.

 

January 29, 1913

Fiftieth Anniversary of Emancipation Proclamation

Black Americans celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of Emancipation Proclamation. Major celebrations were held at Jackson, Mississippi, New Orleans and Nashville. Three states–Pennsylvania, New York and New Jersey–appropriated money for official celebrations of the event.

 

January 30, 1844

 

Richard Theodore Greener

Richard Theodore Greener becomes the first African American to graduate from Harvard University

 

January 30, 1858

 

William Wells Brown, novelist and dramatist, publishes first Black

William Wells Brown, novelist and dramatist, publishes first Black drama, “Leap to Freedom”

 

January 30, 1956

 

Home of Martin Luther King Jr

Home of Martin Luther King Jr. Montgomery bus boycott leader bombed.

Knowing our own history, or the history of our culture, is important because it helps us to know who we are while molding the future. Being familiar with past events gives us the ability not only to learn from past mistakes but also from the successes.

To me, the omission of any group from history teachings results in a limited understanding of history’s relationship with the present and future. Know your history.

Comments, I can be reached at:

j.annette92@yahoo.com

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