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African-American Facts for Week of: January 4, 2015

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Know Your History!

Up to the early 20th century, most American knowledge of Black history was limited to the African American struggle through slavery and emancipation. The significance of Black history is recognition of the advancements and accomplishments of a group of people once defined by the Constitution as three-fifths of a person. While slavery in America hosts the background of Black history, the African American impact on history reaches beyond the country’s early history, as African Americans have made significant contributions.

African-American Facts for Week of: January 4, 2015

January 4, 1971

 

Congressional Black Caucus organized

The Congressional Black Caucus is an organization representing the black members of the United States Congress. Membership is exclusive to African-Americans.

January 5, 1943

 

George Washington Carver Day

January 5 is George Washington Carver Day in honor of the brilliant agricultural chemist who died on this day in 1943. Nicknamed “the Peanut Man” and the “Wizard of Tuskegee,” Carver headed the agricultural department of the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama and was one of the most prominent scientist of his day. He was renowned for finding new uses for everyday items. Carver’s research in improved farming techniques helped to revolutionize farming in America. He once wrote, “I wanted to know the name of every stone and flower and insect and bird and beast.”

 January 6, 1867

 

The  Peabody Fund is established to provide monies

The Peabody Fund is established to provide monies for construction, endowments, scholarships, teacher, and industrial education for newly freed slaves.

 

 

January 7, 1950

 

The James Weldon Johnson Collection opens at Yale

The James Weldon Johnson Collection opens at Yale University. It includes the papers of Johnson, Langston Hughes, W.E.B. Du Bois, Richard Wright, Jean Toomer, Zora Neale Hurston, and many writers of the Harlem Renaissance.

January 8, 1815

Black Battalion Fights in Battle of New Orleans

The Battle of New Orleans, the last battle of the War of 1812, was fought. Black troops, the Battlaion of Free Men of Color and a Battalion from Santa Domingo supported Andrew Jackson in the campaign against the British.

January 9, 1866

Colleges established

Fisk University established. Rust College (Miss.) and Lincoln (Mo.) were also founded in 1866.

January 10, 1957

 

Southern Christian Leadership Conference founded

The Southern Christian Leadership Conference was founded in New Orleans, Louisiana by five ministers including Martin Luther King, Jr., Ralph Abernathy, Joseph Lowery, Fred Shuttlesworth and C.K. Steele. Dr. King was the founding president, Abernathy president emeritus and Rep. Walter Fauntroy, D-District of Columbia, was chairman of the board of directors.

 

Knowing our own history, or the history of our culture, is important because it helps us to know who we are while molding the future. Being familiar with past events gives us the ability not only to learn from past mistakes but also from the successes.

About Annette 

To me, the omission of any group from history teachings results in a limited understanding of history’s relationship with the present and future. Know your history.

Comments, I can be reached at:

j.annette92@yahoo.com

Twitter: @Annette92J

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