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African-American Facts for Week of: August 9th

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Know Your History!

Up to the early 20th century, most American knowledge of Black history was limited to the African American struggle through slavery and emancipation. The significance of Black history is recognition of the advancements and accomplishments of a group of people once defined by the Constitution as three-fifths of a person. While slavery in America hosts the background of Black history, the African American impact on history reaches beyond the country’s early history, as African Americans have made significant contributions to every field of endeavor, including politics, science, culture, social causes, arts, literature, athletics and the economy.

African-American Facts for Week of: August 9th

 

August 9, 1936

 

Jesse Owens wins four gold medals in the Berlin Olympics, 1936

Jesse Owens wins four gold medals in the Berlin Olympics, 1936

August 9, 1961

James B. Parsons

James B. Parsons became first Black appointed to Federal District Court in continental United States.

August 10, 1981

 

PUSH Boycott

The Coca-Cola Bottling Company agreed to pump $34 million into Black businesses and the Black community, ending a national boycott called by PUSH.

August 11, 1965

 

Thurgood Marshall

U.S. Senate confirmed nomination of Thurgood Marshal as U.S. solicitor general.

August 12, 1922

Frederick Douglas

Washington DC home of Frederick Douglas is declared a national shrine, 1922.

August 13, 1919

 

Charles Edward Anderson–Meteorologist

Born: August 13, 1919 Died: October 21, 1994 Birthplace: St. Louis, Missouri Charles Edward Anderson was born on a farm in University City, near St. Louis, Missouri on August 13, 1919. He graduated as valedictorian from Sumner High School in 1937. He received a Bachelor of Science from Lincoln University, Jefferson City, Missouri in 1941. He was Certified in Meteorology (master’s degree) from the University of Chicago in 1943. Charles Anderson also earned a Master of Science in Chemistry in 1948 from the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn, New York. In 1960, Mr. Anderson earned a Ph.D. in Meteorology from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, Massachusetts. Charles Edward Anderson was the first African American to earn a Ph.D. in Meteorology. Dr. Anderson worked at the Chief Cloud Physics Branch at the Air Force Cambridge Research Center, Massachusetts from 1948 to 1961. He served as a captain in the Army Air Forces in World War II and was the weather officer for the Tuskegee Airmen regiment, Tuskegee, Alabama.

 

August 14, 1922

Rebecca J. Cole–2nd Black Female Physician

Born: March 16, 1846 Died: August 14, 1922 Birthplace: Philadelphia, PA Rebecca J. Cole was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on March 16, 1846. She was the second United States African American woman physician and was the first Black woman to graduate from the Woman’s Medical College in Pennsylvania. Rebecca Cole received her secondary education from the Institute for Colored Youth (ICY — now Cheyney University). She graduated from ICY in 1863. Rebecca Cole received her medical degree from Woman’s Medical College in 1867. She was appointed as a resident physician at the New York Infirmary for Women and Children.

August 15, 1931

Roy Wilkins

Roy Wilkins joined NAACP as assistant secretary.

August 15, 1962

Shady Grove Baptist Church was burned

Shady Grove Baptist Church was burned in Leesburg, Georgia.

To me, the omission of any group from history teachings results in a limited understanding of history’s relationship with the present and future. Know your history for the Future is ours.

Comments, I can be reached at:

j.annette92@yahoo.com

Twitter: @Annette92J

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