July 5, 1975
More Racial disturbances
Forty injured in racial disturbances in Miami, Florida.
July 5, 1975
Arthur Ashe makes history by becoming the first African American male to win the men’s single title at Wimbledon, defeating Jimmy Connors.
July 6, 1957
The first Black woman tennis champion, Althea Gibson,win’s the women’s Wimbledon
The first Black woman tennis champion, Althea Gibson, wins the women’s Wimbledon singles championship.
July 7, 1915
Famous writer Margaret Walker, born, 1915. Margaret Walker (Margaret Abigail Walker Alexander by marriage; July 7, 1915 – November 30, 1998) was an American poet and writer. She was part of the African-American literary movement in Chicago. Her notable works include the award-winning poem For My People (1942) and the novel Jubilee (1966), set in the South during the American Civil War.
July 8, 2001
Venus Williams wins her second straight Wimbledon
Venus Williams wins her second straight Wimbledon Women’s Singles Championship. Venus is the first woman to win consecutive Wimbledon Championships since 1995-96 and the first black woman to win Wimbledon since Althea Gibson in 1958.
July 8, 1943
Activist Faye Wattleton
Faye Wattleton, a rgeistered nurse and New York activist, was born in St. Louis, Missouri. Wattleton served as president of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America from 1978 to 1992.
July 9, 1868
Francis L. Cardozo
Francis L. Cardozo installed as secretary of the state of South Carolina and became the first Black cabinet officer on the state level.
July 10, 1962
Martin Luther King Jr. arrested
Martin Luther King Jr. arrested during demonstration in Albany, Georgia.
July 10, 1875
Mary McLeod Bethune Born
Mary McLeod Bethune, educator and civil rights leader, born in Mayesville, South Carolina. Mary Jane McLeod Bethune (born Mary Jane McLeod; July 10, 1875 – May 18, 1955) was an American educator and life rights leader best known for starting a private school for African-American students in Daytona Beach, Florida. She attracted donations of time and money, and developed the academic school as a college. It later continued to develop as Bethune-Cookman University. She also was appointed as a national adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. She was known as “The First Lady of The Struggle” because of her commitment to give the African Americans a better life.
July 11, 1905
Civil rights activist WEB Dubois, founds the Niagra Movement
Black intellectuals and activists organized Niagara movement (the forerunner of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) at a meeting near Niagara Falls. Delegates from fourteen states, led by W.E.B. Du Bois and William Monroe Trotter, demanded abolition of all distinctions based on race. The Niagara Movement was a civil rights group organized by W.E.B. DuBois and William Monroe Trotter in 1905. After being denied admittance to hotels in Buffalo, New York, the group of 29 business owners, teachers, and clergy who comprised the initial meeting gathered at Niagara Falls, from which the group’s name derives. The Niagara Movement was considered the precursor to the NAACP and many of its members, such as W.E.B. DuBois, were among the new organization’s founders.
Being familiar with past events gives us the ability not only to learn from past mistakes but also from the successes.
To me, the omission of any group from history teachings results in a limited understanding of history’s relationship with the present and future. Know your history.
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