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African-American Facts for Week of: May 31, 2015

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Know Your History!

Up to the early 20th century, most American knowledge of Black history was limited to the African American struggle through slavery and emancipation. The significance of Black history is recognition of the advancements and accomplishments of a group of people once defined by the Constitution as three-fifths of a person. While slavery in America hosts the background of Black history, the African American impact on history reaches beyond the country’s early history, as African Americans have made significant contributions.

African-American Facts for Week of: May 31, 2015 

 

May 31, 1979

 

Zimbabwe proclaimed independent

Zimbabwe proclaimed independent. Zimbabwe /zɪmˈbɑːbw/, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers. It borders South Africa to the south, Botswana to the southwest, Zambia to the northwest and Mozambique to the east. The capital and largest city is Harare.

 

June 1, 1843

 

Sojourner Truth

Sojourner Truth left New York and began her career as an antislavery activist.

 

June 1, 1966

 

Civil Rights Conference

Approximately 2,400 persons attended White House Conference on Civil Rights.

June 2, 1854

 

Fugitive Slave returned to the South

Fugitive slave Anthony Burns was returned to the South from Boston. It cost the federal government $100,000 to return Burns, who was later sold to a group of Bostonians who freed him.

June 3, 1919

 

Liberty Life Insurance Company (Chicago)

Liberty Life Insurance Company (Chicago), the first old-line legal reserve company organized by Blacks in the North, incorporated. U.S. Supreme Court (Irene Morgan v. Commonwealth of Virginia) banned segregation in interstate bus travel.

June 3, 1904

Charles R. Drew was born on this day.

 

Charles R. Drew was born on this day. Charles Richard Drew (June 3, 1904 – April 1, 1950) was an American physician, surgeon, and medical researcher. He researched in the field of blood transfusions, developing improved techniques for blood storage, and applied his expert knowledge to developing large-scale blood banks early in World War II. This allowed medics to save thousands of lives of the Allied forces. The research and development aspect of his blood storage work is disputed. As the most prominent African-American in the field, Drew protested against the practice of racial segregation in the donation of blood, as it lacked scientific foundation, an action which cost him his job.

June 4, 1922

 

Samuel L. Gravely is born

Samuel Gravely was appointed captain of the Navy Destroyer Escort, U.S.S. Falgout, the first African American to command a United States warship. He later received the rand of Rear Admiral, a first for an African American Navy Man.

 

June 4, 1972

 

Angela Davis acquitted by white jury in San Jose

Angela Davis acquitted by white jury in San Jose, Calif., of charges stemming from a 1970 courtroom shoot-out.

June 5, 1955

 

Graduation

In 1955, Martin Luther King Jr. is awarded his doctorate from Boston University.

June 5, 1956

 

Montgomery Buses segregated

Federal court ruled that racial segregation on Montgomery city buses violated Constitution.

June 6, 1987

 

Mae Jemison chosen to be astronaut

Mae C. Jemison, M.D. was chosen by NASA to begin training as a space shuttle astronaut. Mae Carol Jemison (born October 17, 1956) is an American physician and NASA astronaut. She became the first African American woman to travel in space when she went into orbit aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour on September 12, 1992. After her medical education and a brief general practice, Jemison served in the Peace Corps from 1985 to 1987, when she was selected by NASA to join the astronaut corps.

It is important to celebrate the achievements and contributions Black Americans have played in U.S. history.

About Annette 

To me, the omission of any group from history teachings results in a limited understanding of history’s relationship with the present and future. Know your history.

Comments, I can be reached at:

j.annette92@yahoo.com

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