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Thursday, April 15, 2021

Bad heart?

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Know your options for surgery

Compiled By ERICKA P. THOMPSON

Angioplasty

What it does

Tiny balloons are threaded through a blood vessel and into a coronary artery to widen blocked areas where blood flow to the heart has been reduced or cut off.

This surgery is often combined with implantation of a stent to help prop the artery open and decrease the chance of another blockage.

It is considered less invasive because the body is not cut open. The procedure can last from 30 minutes to several hours but often requires an overnight hospital stay.

Reason for surgery

Greatly increases blood flow through the blocked artery and reduces risk of a heart attack.

Laser Angioplasty

What it does

Laser angioplasty is similar to angioplasty except that the catheter has a laser tip that opens the blocked artery.

Reason for surgery

Increases blood flow through blocked arteries.

Bypass Surgery

What it does

Treats blocked heart arteries by creating new passages for blood to flow to your heart muscle. It works by taking arteries or veins from other parts of your body – called a graft – using them to reroute the blood around the clogged artery.

A patient may undergo several bypass grafts, depending on how many coronary arteries are blocked. This procedure usually requires several days in the hospital.

Reason for surgery

Bypass surgery is one of the most common and effective procedures to manage blockage of blood to the heart muscle and also improves the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart. In addition, it relieves chest pain, reduces risk of heart attack and improves ability for physical activity.

Minimally Invasive

Heart Surgery

What it does

This surgery is an alternative to standard bypass surgery. Small incisions, or ports, are made in the chest. Chest arteries or veins from your leg are attached to the heart to “bypass” the clogged coronary artery or arteries. The instruments are passed through the ports to perform the bypasses. The surgeon views these operations on video monitors rather than directly.

Reason for surgery

Manages blockage of blood flow to the heart and improves the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart.

Artificial Heart

Valve Surgery

What it does

Individuals who have this surgery will have their abnormal or diseased heart valve replaced with a healthy one.

Reason for surgery

Restores function of the heart valves.

Heart Transplant

What it does

Removes a diseased heart and replaces it with a healthy human heart when a heart is irreversibly damaged. Individuals will receive a heart from organ donation.

Reason for surgery

It restores heart health in appropriately selected patients.

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